(a manga artist)  Tools and Preparation-Tools for drawing a manga (comic)

The following list includes tools that are not sold in ordinary stationery stores. You can find them at art supply stores or online stores.

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Pencils / Mechanical pencils

It is best to choose one that you think easy-to-use. Also, you need to choose pencils that are soft enough, so that you can erase a pencil line easily. It depends on your writing pressure, but B or 2B pencil (based on JIS standard) is recommended.
As for automatic pencil leads, it might be easy to use thicker leads than 0.5mm, like 0.7 or 0.9mm. It varies between individuals, though.


This may surprise you, but erasers are very important. You need to choose one with which you can erase completely without forming a nap on paper. There are a number of varieties of erasers, so find one that suits you. When you look for erasers, it is important to check its size, shape and characteristics. Erasers have different characteristics, for example, one that you can erase pencil lines lightly, or one that you can come together its eraser shavings easily. If you are comfortable using erasers, you can get more work done.


Today, manuscript paper for manga is useful. The characteristic varies depending on the paper manufacturer. When you look for papers, it is important to check its price, ruled line on paper and how comfortably you can write on it. If you want to become a professional mangaka(manga artist), use B4 (based on JIS) size paper. However, our lesson “Mangaka ni naru zyuku” uses A4 size for scanning. The weight of paper is almost equal to its thickness, but you need to think your working characteristics, like writing pressure, and intended purpose, like how much screentones you intend to use, before you choose paper.


Dip pens
There are many kinds of dip pens, for example, G-pens, kabura pens (turnip pens), school pens and mapping pens. They have difference in how the pen writes. Even they have the same pen tip, how the pen writes is different according to its manufacturer. Try several dip pens and then find the one you feel comfortable writing with.
Pen holders
The pens that are introduced above like G-pens, kabura pens (turnip pens) and school pens have the same pen holders, except for mapping pens. But, there are pen holders that you can use with both mapping pens and other pens. They are made of various materials and come in a variety of shapes, so go find the one that suits you.

Tools for drawing a manga (comic) Part2


1_002Straight edge rulers
35 -40cm rulers are easy to use. If it’s too short, you can’t reach long enough when you write a line, and on the other way around, it stands in the way of writing.

French curves
A set of 3 rulers is enough. Even if you have many rulers, the rulers that you use a lot will be determined as you draw manga.

Adjustable curves (Zizai zyougi in Japanese)
It’s difficult (for me) to use… I want to see someone who can use it well.

Template rulers
It’s useful when you draw a circle.

Ellipse-plate rulers
At first glance, ellipse-plate rulers seem to be useful, but it is often unable to fit into shapes or sizes that you want to use.

How to use rulers
When using a pen to write, turn a ruler upside down and then use an angled side of the ruler. It is because a space between a ruler and a paper is necessary. Otherwise, the ink bleeds on the paper. Also, when writing with a pen, hold a pen perpendicularly as much as possible.


There are many kinds of screentones sold by manufacturers and their prices vary.
Kinds of dots (sizes and distance of dots)
If dots are too light or too dark, they can’t be well printed. Basically, when using them, make dots line at an angle of 45 degrees (skew). It’s because if dots are put on a paper at a different angle, they bother when seeing.

Kinds of lines (thickness and distance of lines)
When using lines: Think carefully angles of them according to the intended use.

Other kinds of screentones: there are many kinds of screentones, so use them based on the intended use. However, if too many screentones are used, the picture becomes too noisy or on the contrary it becomes monotonic. And also, doing that costs money.

How to use/put screentones on a paper

From a sheet, cut out bigger piece than the size you want to put it on, and then put it on a manuscript gently. After that, neatly cut it with cutter knife (utility knife), and peel off unwanted part. And then, press it firmly to set it.
When you cut a screentone on the manuscript, cut only the screentone, be careful not to cut the paper too. Screentones are easy to be cut, so you can cut it with very little strength.

Shaping screentones

1 003 1You can whittle the surface of screentones (printed side) with cutter knife’s cutting part or the other side of it in order to create some effect, such as clouds or highlights.
If you use screentones of dots for this, it’s necessary to think about what angle its dots line at before whittle it.
You can also use ink eraser for whittling. However, even if it looks good, it might look different when printing it out, so be careful. When it’s hard to see the effect, you can see it by making a copy.

Kasanebari (Putting 2 screentone sheets on a paper)

1 003 1You can put two screentone sheets on a paper in order to create effects, but not more than 3 sheets.
Coordinate kinds, angles or position of sheets with careful attention to Moire pattern (pattern produced by overlaying sheets). There are ways that utilize Moire pattern.


There is a way to do some work on a personal computer by scanning the manuscript, such as putting screentones on. You can use a PC to draw up without using any papers. There are many kinds of software used such as “Photo Shop”, “Comic Studio” etc. A process of drawing up depends on each software and personal computers, so we don’t explain in this lesson. You can use like e-mails to submit your finished work (manga) as a data or you can print out and have them as a printed one. There is a great possibility that you can use techniques by using a PC which you can’t do in an analog way, but it takes time to get used to. Also, it costs a lot to set up equipments.




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しかしながら,この講座のレポートでは、スキャナー用にはA4サイズに してください。
紙の重さはほぼ厚みとイコールですが、自分の作品制作の作業特性(自分の筆圧、トーン切りなど)と用途(トーンを多用するとか)に よって選びましょう。















  • 直定規・・・・35センチから40センチくらいの長さが使い易い。(短いととどかないし、長いとジャマ)
  • 雲形定規・・・・ 3枚セットぐらいのものでほぼOK です。たくさんあっても、自分のよく使う曲線は決まってきます。
  • 自在定規・・・・使いにくいです(私は)・・・。自在に使える人を見てみたい。
  • テンプレート・・・・円を描くのに便利です。
  • 楕円プレート・・・・一見便利のように見えますが、欲しい形や大きさになかなか ピッタリあてはまりません。





  • ドット(点)の種類 /点の大きさと間隔
  • ラインの種類 /線の太さと間隔

その他のトーン /いろいろな種類があるので、用途に応じて使ってみましょう。


  • 貼りたい部分よりやや大きめにシートから切り取り、原稿に軽く貼ります。
  • 原稿上で切る時は、トーンだけを切り、紙まで切らないように注意!



  • トーン表面(印刷されてる面)をカッターの刃もしくはカッターの背でケズることで効果をだします。(雲、ハイライト等)
  • ドットのトーンなどは点の並んでいる角度を考えてケズリます。
  • 砂ケシゴムなどでこすってもケズれます。*ただし、見た目できれいでも印刷効果は別だったりするので注意。分かりにくい場合はコピーを取ってみると効果が分かりやすい。


  • 2 枚以上トーンを重ねて貼ることで効果を出します。* せいぜい3枚重ねまで。
  • モアレ(重ねた時にできる模様)に注意して、種類や角度、位置を調整してください。*モアレを活かす使い方もあります。


  • 原稿をスキャナーで取り込んで、パソコン上でトーン等の作業をします。
    * 紙は全く使わず「タブレット」だけで描き上げる事も可能。
  • 「フオトショップ」「コミックスタジオ」他、いろいろなソフトウエアが使われています。
  • 作業は、各ソフトやパソコンなどによりますので、この章では説明しません。
  • 仕上がった作品を、メールなどを使い、データとして入稿することもできるし、プリントアウトして、紙原稿とすることもできます。
  • アナログでは表現できない様々な手法に大きな可能性もありますが、慣れるまでは時間がかかります。また、設備投資に大きな費用がかかります。

Written by Lucky Uematsuillustrated by honda-toyotaTranslated by zmi